Bumper Crop: Florida Watermelon Growers Still Lead Nation in Production

While many enjoy sweet, cool watermelon as a treat or snack this summer, remember where it comes from. Some Florida growers claim they had their best season ever.

Florida watermelons
Bob Hochmuth, assistant director of the UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center-Suwannee Valley, seen with a watermelon in the field. By Robert Annis, UF/IFAS.

Florida continues to lead the nation in watermelon production. From 2010 to 2021, Florida growers ranked No. 1 in the United States with an average of 22,616 acres of watermelon harvested per year, according to a new University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) Extension document. Texas is second with 22,016 acres, followed by Georgia at 20,291.

“Florida watermelon growers do well, because they can take advantage of relatively high prices early in the season,” said Tara Wade, an assistant professor of food and resource economics at the UF/IFAS Southwest Florida Research and Education Center and lead author of the document.

Harvests were especially good this year. Growers in the Suwannee Valley region say they had their best season in history, said Bob Hochmuth, assistant director of the UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center-Suwannee Valley.

“First, there is a regional nature to the watermelon acreage in Florida. These seasons normally overlap somewhat, and when there is an overlap, farmers can ‘fill the pipeline’ quickly,” Hochmuth said. “But this year, the production in South Florida declined a bit early, leaving the Suwannee Valley pretty much alone to meet this demand. That was difficult to do this year with high demand for watermelon in May and June.”

Additionally, on the tail end of the Suwannee Valley season, farmers normally overlap with Georgia’s season, which is very long. But various factors this year slowed the crop progress in Georgia — again leaving the Suwannee Valley alone to meet the high demand through most of June, Hochmuth said.

“To have this happen on both the front and back end of any region’s season is quite unusual,” he said. “So, to say it was a matter of supply and demand seems very textbook, but that was the case in May and June.”

To accommodate this high demand for a long period of time is not easy and requires excellent crop care. Florida watermelon growers are experienced and excellent growers, Hochmuth said.

Part of this year’s success came from partnerships between the industry and UF/IFAS research and Extension to provide information on disease management and extended water and nutrient programs. It kept the crops healthy and productive much longer than normal.

Watermelons grow throughout the state, with concentrations near Immokalee, Belle Glade, Arcadia and the Suwannee Valley. The latter region produces a third of Florida’s watermelon crop and typically harvests from mid-May through June. Watermelons grow well in sandy, well-drained soils and with plenty of warm days and sunshine, Hochmuth said.

“The Suwannee Valley is a prime production area,” he said. “Modern drip irrigation and precision fertilizer practices used in Florida help make high yields and a great quality watermelon. The industry today demands mostly seedless watermelons and prefers a medium size of about 15 to 18 pounds.”

Source: UF/IFAS