Brewers Savor the Candy Flavor of Some Florida-Grown Hops

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Brewers like the flavor and aroma that come from Florida-grown Cascade hops, says a University of Florida (UF) Extension agent.


Matt Smith admits his sample size is small thus far – only seven brewers — but he’s excited by what he’s hearing from those who make craft beers. Most said they would brew craft beer made from Florida-grown Cascade hops if given a chance.

“Cascade is traditionally grown in the Pacific Northwest and tends to provide floral, citrus and spicy flavors to the product, but most of the brewers who used Florida-grown Cascade hops tasted candied lemon and tropical fruit flavors,” said Smith, a multicounty UF/IFAS Extension agent serving Pasco, Hernando and Sumter counties.

That news excites researchers who presented the latest data at the June 2 Hops Field Day at the UF Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) Gulf Coast Research and Education Center. Scientists are trying to grow several hops varieties.

The flavor, aroma and yield are all critical pieces of the puzzle as UF/IFAS researchers try to meet the growing needs of the craft beer market. They’re mostly interested in quenching the thirsts of craft beer brewers and consumers in the Tampa Bay area.

UF/IFAS scientists started to test whether hops would grow in the Sunshine State several years ago. At that time, the state had about 30 microbreweries. Now, there are about 380.

Zhanao Deng, a UF/IFAS professor of environmental horticulture, speaks at the Hops Field Day on June 2 at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center. Credit: Brad Buck, UF/IFAS

Hops grow so well in the Pacific Northwest because days can run as long as nearly 16 hours – ideal for hops growth. Because of its latitude, the longest Florida days are about 14 hours. Without enough daylight hours, the hops yield a fraction of what they should.

Researchers here had to adjust.

They installed LED lights to trick the hops into thinking the Florida days are longer than they really are.

Zhanao Deng, a UF/IFAS professor of environmental horticulture, said scientists are seeing their best results from Cascade hops.

Based on four years of trials, researchers have concluded that Cascade yields the most of any of the cultivars tested in Florida. They have also tested Comet, Nugget and Zeus hops.

“Although the latter three cultivars produce less, their cones (the part of the plants that impart flavor and aroma to beer) tend to contain more alpha acids and essential oil, making their cones more aromatic,” Deng said.

Deng is also planning to breed hops. He hopes to develop hops with stronger aroma than regular Cascade.